Understanding your body requirements is an invaluable tool for developing fitness. Your daily body requirements include vitamins, minerals, protein and fiber.
Vitamins and minerals are the elements that are necessary for chemical reactions that unlock energy or enable growth. Although your body can store some vitamins, a regular daily intake is important because some of the most vital vitamins, B and C, are water-soluble, so are quickly flushed out of the system.
It’s important to ensure your daily food intake includes all the nutrients your body needs. Eat more fruit and vegetables. Eat less starchy foods such as rice, bread, potatoes and pasta (preferably whole grain varieties). Eat less fat, salt and sugar. Eat some protein-rich foods such as meat, fish, eggs and pulses. Eat a variety of foods to ensure your body gets all the nutrients it needs. Drink 6 to 8 glasses of fluid a day to prevent dehydration. In hotter climates, drink more.
If you are a vegetarian and cannot get enough protein on a plant-based diet, consider adding a quality protein powder to your diet. This is especially helpful if you are practicing sport on a regular basis and need to boost your protein intake.
The average woman needs around 2000 calories per day to fulfill her body requirements. This calorie requirement rises to 2500 for average men. However, these figures are based on averages and may be completely different for many individuals. If the same person becomes less active then calorie requirements will be lower. For this reason calorie requirements are highly individual and different for the different type of body characteristics such as height, gender, age and activity levels.
Energy is used up in physical work as well as in exercising for pleasure. People who do physically demanding work need to make sure they get enough food to meet their energy needs. It’s also important that they find time to rest and relax at the end of the day to let their bodies recover.
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Children, and adults with less demanding physical work, have lower calorie requirements than people who do physically demanding work. They should exercise or play a sport to stay fit and maintain a proper weight. Brisk walking, swimming, jogging, cycling or playing ball games are all ideal.
Lack of exercise in the elderly can reinforce age related limitations and handicaps that further reduce physical activity. The elderly should therefore try to take diet according to their calorie requirements, and keep up a comfortable level of physical activity. Gentle exercise such as walking or swimming is ideal. Irregular, strenuous exercise should be avoided.